With the growing demand for new information and innovative ideas in all the fields of knowledge, a continuous and evolving methods were developed, which over the years have created great numbers of processes that improved man's well-being and his activities of daily living. In doing so, Mankind also saw a great deal of experiments, which utilized human and animal subjects. With this new era of men aggressively clearing gray areas, ethics has not been considered as a yardstick to look into merits of researches implemented. In the turn of the Century, Nazi's conducted researches that entail inflicting viruses to human subjects and stitching body parts of twins. Many and many experiments have been conducted, which lead to an uproar to provide a safe environment for research subjects, and thus, the nuremberg code, Helsinki declaration, among others were developed.
In the 21st Century, the international community organized the Council for International Organizations of Medical Sciences (CIOMS), which developed the International Ethical Guidelines for Biomedical Research Involving Human Subjects. In the Philippines, the Philippine Council for Health Research and Development (PCHRD) through the Philippine Health Research Ethics Board (PHREB) developed the 2011 National Ethical Guidelines for Health Research.
It is with this great endeavor that these national agencies build and cross bridges to promote a safer research environment. In Region IX, Ethics Review Committees have been created. In Zamboanga City, two Review Committes have registered with PHREB and four more agencies namely: Universidad de Zamboanga (UZ), Ateneo de Zamboanga University (AdZU), Western Mindanao State University (WMSU), and the Zamboanga City Medical Center (ZCMC) are already in the process of drafting their Standard Operating Procedures.
ZCHRD is an organization that mirrors the Philippine National Health Research System (PNHRS) framework at the regional level with financial and technical support of the DOST-PCHRD. The consortium is led by the AdZU with Dr. Teresita G. Montaño as the Chairperson.